西安市第一中學2013-2014學年度第一學期期中高一英語試題第一部分：英語知識運用 （ 共三節； 滿分40 分 ）第一節: 單語音知識（共5小題；每小題1分，滿分5分）1.dusk A. fluent B. bury C. altitude D. suffer2.teenage A. exactly B. grateful C. usage D. latter3.loose A. base B. lose C. series D. classes4.character A. chairman B. check C. choose D. stomach5.breathe A. month B. beneath C. northern D. youth第二節: 單項填空 (共15小題；每小題1分，滿分15分)6. _____ of the students who took part in the military training is 450.A. A number B. A lot C. Lots D. The number7. Sometimes ________ English is quite different from _______ English in many ways.A. speaking, writing B. spoken, writtenC. speaking, written D. spoken, writing8. He says he really can’t ______ to wait another day. A. waste B. afford C. spend D. cost9. When we think of communication, we _____ think of using things, talking face to face, writing messages and so on. A. shortly B. probably C. practically D. normally10. Will you please spare me some ink I have ______ it. A. run down of B. run out of C. run out from D. run off11. — It’s getting late. I'm afraid I must be going now. —OK. _________.A. Take it easy B. Go slowly C. Stay longer D. See you12. He asked open the window. A. that he could B. if he couldC. if could he D. whether could he13. He is a new comer. There is no one _____, so let’s go and help him, shall we A. who to turn to B. for him to turn C. for whom to turn D. he can turn to 14. —Peter, please don’t make so much noise.—Pardon—I _____ make so much noise. A. tell you don’t B. tell you not to C. told you didn’t D. told you not to15. I hope, first of all, that we shall never lose _____ heart in face of _____ failure. A. the; a B. the; the C. 不填; 不填 D. a; 不填16. Ann talked about the people and things ____ moved her greatly during her stay there.A. that B. who C. which D. what17. Yesterday we went to visit the farm ____ my father used to work for nearly ten years.A. in which B. that C. where D. which18. Every minute must be made full use of ____ our lessons, for the examination is coming.A. going over B. to go over C. go over D. to going over19. Jane ____ this Sunday. Let’s go and say goodbye to her. A. would leave B. left C. has left D. is leaving20. With more forests being destroyed, humans have to ____ a lot from what they have done. A. suffer B. separate C. stop D. protect第三節： 完形填空 （ 共 20 小題 ； 每小題 1分， 滿分 20 分 ）閱讀下面短文，掌握其大意，然后從21～40各題所給的四個選項（A、B、C和D）中，選出最佳選項。Children all round the world are familiar with fairy tales such as “The Little Mermaid”(美人魚), “The Princess and the Pea” and “The Emperor’s New Clothes”. The colourful 21 from the stories made us laugh and cry throughout our 22 .The stories are the creation of Danish writer Hans Christian Anderson. He was born into a _23_ family in Odense, Denmark, on April 2, 1805. His __24 life was not easy. His father was a shoemaker and his mother a washerwoman. He 25 very little education. As a child he was very 26 and was laughed at for being feminine (女性化的) and tall.In 1816 his father died and Anderson was 27 to go out to work, first in a tailor’s shop and 28 at a tobacco factory. 29 the age of 14 Anderson moved to Copenhagen to start a career as a singer and actor. He struggled for three years 30 he had to leave the theatre when his voice 31 in 1822._32 , Anderson went to a grammar school. Having done well, he was admitted to Copenhagen University in 1828. He began to publish his fairy tales in 1835. They 33 in small volumes (量) until his death. _34 Anderson lived a 35 life, he tried to make people 36 in all his stories. He wrote because he didn’t want children to have a 37 childhood as he did. The works 38 Anderson world fame, but he remained a 39 man. He never married and his friends were the people who paid for his work. Anderson 40 on August 4,1875. His home in Odense is now a museum and thousands of people visit it every year.21. A. parts B. pictures C. heroes D. characters22. A. days B. time C. childhood D. years23. A. poor B. musical C. big D. happy24. A. early B. childhood’s C. later D. school25. A. accepted B. found C. received D. gained26. A. emotional B. upset C. popular D. naughty (調皮的)27. A. allowed B. forced C. willing D. used28. A. then B. lately C. second D. finally29. A. By B. From C. At D. Since30. A. since B. after C. until D. still31. A. lost B. changed C. broke D. worsened32. A. Even so B. Afterwards C. From then on D. Otherwise33. A. turned out B. sold out C. came out D. went out34. A. Since B. Because C. Although D. As[來源:學#科#網]35. A. hard B. interesting C. happy D. successful36. A. cry B. laugh C. appreciate (欣賞) D. learn37. A. sad B. happy C. busy D. strange 38. A. got B. brought C. made D. cost39. A. poor B. unhappy C. moody D. lonely40. A. passed away B. passed by C. left D. went第三部分：閱讀理解（共 15 小題；每小題 2 分，滿分 30 分） 第一節 （共10小題；每小題2分，滿分20）（ A ）[來源:Zxxk.Com]Everyone needs friends. We all like to feel close to someone. It is nice to have a friend to talk, laugh and do things with. Surely, there are times when we need to be alone. We don't always want people around. But we would feel lonely if we never had a friend.No two people are the same. Sometimes friends don't get along well, which doesn't mean that they no longer like each other. Most of the time they will go on being friends. Sometimes friends move away, then we feel very sad. We miss them much, but we can call them and write to them. Maybe we would never see them again, and we can make new friends. It is surprising to find out how much we like new people when we get to know them. Families sometimes name their children after a close friend. Many places are named after men and women, if they are friendly to people in a town. Some libraries are named this way. So are some schools. We think of these people when we go to these places.There's more good news for people, if they have friends. These people live longer than those people if those don't have friends. Why It could be that they are happier. Being happy helps you stay well. Or it could be just knowing that someone cares, if someone cares about you, you take better care of yourself.41. Which of the following is what the writer doesn't say in the passage A. People are happy when their friends leave them. B. People may never see their friends after their friends move away. C. People can know their friends in different ways. D. People like their friends very much if they get to know them.42. If people have friends, they would live longer, because __________. A. they feel happier and healthier B. they get a lot of help from their friends C. they take better care of themselves [來源:學+科+網]D. both A and C43. This passage tells us __________. A. that people are all friends B. that people need friends C. how to get to know friends D. how to name a place （ B ）Language is always changing. In a society where life continues year after year with few changes, the language does not change either. The earliest known languages had difficult grammar but a small, limited vocabulary. Over the century, the grammar changed, and the vocabulary grew. For example, the English and Spanish people who came to America during the sixteenth century gave names to all the new plants and animals they found. In this way, hundreds of new words were introduced into English and Spanish vocabularies. Today life is changing very fast, and language is changing fast too. There are several major(主要) language families in the world. Some scientists say there are nine main families, but other scientists divide them differently. The languages in each family are connected, and scientists think that they came from the same parent language. About 3 percent of the people in the world speak languages that are not in these major families.44. The early language had ________. A. a lot of problems B. words and easy grammar C. words but no grammar D. grammar but not many words45. In the next few hundred years we can expect language to _____. A. stay exactly the same B. change a great deal C. change only a little D. ask more words and drop some grammar46. What this article shows is that _____. A. languages change fast B. languages really don't want to change C. language is really with changes in society D. Spanish and English change（ C ） The Great Fire of London started in the very early hours of 2 September 1666．In four days it destroyed more than three-quarters of the old city, where most of the houses were wooden and close together．Over one hundred people became homeless, but only a few lost their lives. The fire started on Sunday morning in the house of the King’s baker（面包師）in Pudding Lane．The baker, with his wife and family, was able to get out through a window into the roof．A strong wind blew the fire from the bakery（面包房）into a small hotel next door．Then it spread quickly into Thames Street．That was the beginning. By eight o’ clock three hundred houses were on fire．On Monday nearly a kilometer of the city was burning along the River Thames．Tuesday was the worst day．The fire destroyed many well-known buildings, old St Paul’s and the Guildhall were among them. Samuel Pepys, the famous writer, wrote about the fire, “People threw their things into the river．Many poor people stayed in their houses until the last moment．Birds fell out of the air because of the heat.” The fire stopped only when the King finally ordered people to destroy hundreds of buildings in the path of the fire．With nothing left to burn, the fire became weak and finally died out. After the fire, Christopher Wren, the architect(建筑師), wanted a city with wider streets and fine new houses of stone．In fact, the streets are still narrow, but he did build more than fifty churches, among them was the new St Paul’s Cathedral. The fire caused great pain and loss, but after it London was a better place: a city for the future and not just of the past. 47．The fire began in . A．a hotel B．the palace C．Pudding Lane D．Thames Street 48．The underlined word‘family’in the second paragraph means . A．home B．children C．wife and husband D．wife and children 49．It seems that the writer of the text was most sorry for the fact that . A．some people lost their lives B．the birds in the sky were killed by the fire C．many famous buildings were destroyed D．the King’s bakery was burned down 50．Why did the writer cite(引用)Samuel Pepys A．Because Pepys was among those putting out the fire. B．Because Pepys also wrote about the fire. C．To show that poor people suffered most. D．To give the reader a clearer picture of the fire.第二節：（共5小題，每小題2分，滿分10分）根據短文內容．從下列的A一F選項中選出能概括每一段主題的最佳選項。選項中有一項為多余項。 A．Leadership B．Conflict Solving C．Open Communication D．Respect to All Team Members E．Measuring Progress against Goals F．Common Goals with Challenging Target Team building means more than throwing a few people together.“Team working" is found everywhere within just about every organization．You can’t get away from "teams" that are supposed to be able to create something that is greater than the sum of its parts．Or so the theory goes. There are live measures that need to be taken before you can get the most out of a team:51． There must be a clear reason for the team to exist．And all the members should realize the value and significance of what they are going to do．What they are hoping to achieve should be something achievable but at the same time tough and inspiring enough to attract the members and keep their motivation（積極性） alive．What is more, they should also be well prepared for the possible difficulties they may come across in the process．52．______Team members must be able to express their opinions freely without fear of being criticized and they must have the feeling that their suggestions will be taken seriously．This is an important point because the team may need to resolve some complex or thorny issues．For example, it may discuss a sensitive topic- Should, they keep their conclusion within the team or share it with other employees．This is an issue in itself that all the members should agree on frank discussion is required．53．______It is easy to think that a junior team member may have less to contribute than more experienced ones. This is not only demoralizing or discouraging, it also makes no sense—people that have nothing to contribute should not have been selected for the team in the first place．Since they have become members of your team, you need to make sure that each of them has an opportunity to add his or her thoughts to discussions.54．__ _Disagreements are natural and, in fact debate and discussion should be encouraged．A team made up only of "yes men" can make disastrous decisions that few people honestly agreed with ,in the first place．Consequently, there should be rules on how lengthy disagreements should be handled．For example, team meetings may not be the most appropriate place for a discussion that involves only two people, so "under-the-table method may be effective.55．__ _Most high-performing teams are well organized．A good organizer should be able to play to individuals' strengths and help them overcome their weaknesses．It should be someone who can act as a promoter and a constant reminder of what the team needs to achieve．He must, above all, be skilled in sharing responsibility and setting tasks to others coaching them to achieve tasks, and providing constructive feedback on how the tasks went. Team building isn't as simple as just throwing a few people together．It requires much more, but motivating people is most essential．Successful team working is not marked by how much progress the team makes toward its goals, but by how confidently each of its members completes his or her assigned tasks with a sense of achievement and pride．第三部分: 寫作 ( 共三節 ; 滿分30 分 ) 第一節: 單詞拼寫 ( 共10小題; 每小題 1 分, 滿分1分)根據所給漢語, 在相應的橫線上寫出空缺處各單詞的正確形式. ( 每空只寫一詞 )56. The students who were ____________（使陷入困境） in the burning building were frightened.57. We were ____________（營救） from the sinking ship by a passing boat.58. It took a long time for him to ____________(康復) from a bad cold.59. After _____________（畢業） from Qinghua University, she worked as an engineer.60. They have made a _____________（請求） for international help.61. She _____________（更喜歡） the yellow dress to the red one because it fits her better.[來源:學.科.網Z.X.X.K]62. He has all the _____________(品質) of a successful businessman.63. In class, you should be very _____________（活躍的） in answering the questions your teacher asks.64. What is your father’s _____________(態度) towards your plan65. Lucy is a _____________（可靠的） girl, and you can depend on her.第二節：短文改錯 (共10小題;每小題1分,滿分10分)增加：在缺詞處加一個漏詞符號（∧），并在此符號下面寫出該加的詞。刪除：把多余的詞用斜線（\）劃掉。修改：在錯的詞下劃一橫線，并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。注意： 1、每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞；2、只允許修改10處，多者（從第11處起）不計分。We spend two weeks in London last year. We went there in the autumn .We think it is the best season to visit England. The weather is usually good but there aren’t too many tourists in October.We stayed in a small hotel in the West End .It was convenient as we did most of our traveling by foot. We went to look at the places where all tourists see. We saw Buckingham Palace and the National Gallery.We went to shopping in Oxford Street and spent too many money .What we liked most, though, was going to theatre. We don’t have the chance to see so wonderful plays at home .A lot of people say English food is very badly. We didn’t think so. It’s true that most of the restaurants are French or Italian or Chinese, but we had some very good meal.第三節 書面表達( 滿分10 分) 以Nature為題寫一篇100詞左右的英語短文。要點如下： 1． 簡述人類對大自然的依賴。 2． 隨著人類的發展，生態平衡遭到破壞，人類生存的環境受到嚴重污染。人類正在受到大自然的懲罰。 3． 我們要善待自然，自然也會關照我們。 注意：內容可適當增減，但不可逐字翻譯。西安市第一中學2013-2014學年度第一學期期中高一英語試題答案語音知識：1-5 DBADC語法與詞匯知識：6-10 DBBDB 11-15 DBDDC 16-20 ACBDA完型填空：21-25 DCAAC 26-30 ABACC 31-35 CBCCA 36-40 BABDA閱讀理解：41-43 ADB 44-46 DBC 47-50 CBCD51-55FCDBA單詞拼寫 56. trapped 57. rescued 58. recover 59. graduating 60. request 61.prefers 62. qualities 63. active 64. attitude 65. reliable 改錯We spend(改spent ) two weeks in London last year .We went there in the autumn .We think it is the best season to visit England. The weather is usually good but(改and) there aren’t too many tourists in October. We stayed in a small hotel in the West End. It was convenient as we did most of our traveling by(改on) foot. We went to look at the places where（改which 或that） all tourists see .We saw Buckingham Palace and the National Gallery.[來源:學。科。網Z。X。X。K] We went to（去to ） shopping in Oxford Street and spent too many（改much） money. What we liked most, though, was going to（加the） theatre. We don’t have the chance to see so(改such） wonderful plays at home. A lot of people say English food is very badly(改bad).We didn’t think so. It’s true that most of the restaurants are French or Italian or Chinese ,but we had some very good meal(改meals).Ⅴ． 書面表達One possible version: Nature is the mother of mankind．We get almost everything from her．We live on natural food．We make clothes from natural materials．And we build our houses of stone and wood．However，with the development of human beings，man has destroyed the balance of nature．Water，air and soil have been badly polluted．Some kinds of animals and plants have died out completely．As a result，man is being punished by nature．Many people suffer a lot from all kinds of diseases caused by pollution．We should treat nature well and she will look after us.
一、基礎知識（共18分，每題2分）1、下列加點字的讀音無誤的一項是（）岑寂（cén） 切削（xiāo） 拮據（jù） 模棱兩可（léng）玷辱（diàn） 投奔（bēn） 下乘（chéng） 不落言筌（quán）戧獸（qiāng） 迤邐（lǐ） 毗鄰（pí） 氣喘吁吁（xū）處置（chǔ） 漆黑（qī） 譏誚（qiào） 天理昭然（zhāo）下列字詞的書寫無誤的一項是（）赍發央浼流弊遵徇感恩戴德 B.通宵倉廒譬如邏輯戰戰兢兢C.叫囂訖今押韻沮喪富麗堂黃D.涵義付梓坍縮絮煩不落巢臼對下列加點字的解釋準確無誤的一項是（）憎惡（討厭）善善惡惡（壞事）惡乎待哉（什么）惡了高太尉（憎恨）強橫（粗暴）妙趣橫生（縱橫雜亂）飛來橫禍（意外的）一臉橫肉（兇惡的）即景（立即）非此即彼（就是）不離不即（靠近）成功在即（馬上）周濟（救助）無濟于事（有益）同舟共濟（渡河）緩不濟急（幫助）4、下列句子的空白處選填詞語